Headlines Plugin


This plugin displays RSS and ATOM feeds from news sites. Use it to build news portals that show headline news.

Note: Syndic8.com ( http://www.syndic8.com/ ) is a good site listing many RSS feeds.

Syntax Rules


Parameter Explanation Default
"..." source of RSS feed; this can be an url (starting with http) or a web.topic location for internal feeds None; is required
href="..." (Alternative to above) N/A
refresh="60" Refresh rate in minutes for caching feed; "0" for no caching Global REFRESH setting
limit="12" Maximum number of items shown Global LIMIT setting
header Header. Can include these variables: - $channeltitle, $title: title of channel (channel.title)
- $channellink, $link: link of channel (channel.link)
- $channeldescription, $description: description (channel.description)
- $channeldate, $date: publication date of the channel (channel.pubDate)
- $rights: copyrights of the channel (channel.copyright)
- $imagetitle: title text for site (image.title)
- $imagelink: link for site (image.link)
- $imageurl: URL of image (image.url)
- $imagedescription: description of image (image.description)
Global HEADER setting
format Format of one item. Can include these variables:
- $title: news item title (item.title)
- $link: news item link (item.link)
- $description: news item description (item.description)
- $date: the publication date (item.pubDate, item.date)
- $category: the article category (item.category)
Global FORMAT setting

The header and format parameters might also use variables rendering the dc, image and content namespace information. Note, that only bits of interest have been implemented so far and those namespaces might not be implemented fully yet.

Rendering the dc namespace

The following variables are extracting the dc namespace info, that could be used in header and format. Nnote, that some of the variables are already used above. This is done by purpose to use different feeds with the same formating parameters. If there's a conflict the non-dc tags have higher precedence, i.e. a <title> content </title> is prefered over <dc:title> content </dc:title> .

  • $title: channel/article title (dc:title)
  • $creator: channel creator (dc:creator)
  • $subject: subject text; this will also add an image according to the subject hash list, see above (dc:subject)
  • $description: ... (dc:description)
  • $publisher: the channel/article publisher (dc:publisher)
  • $contributor: ... (dc:contributor)
  • $date: ... (dc:date)
  • $type: ... (dc:type)
  • $format: ... (dc:format)
  • $identifier: ... (dc:identifier)
  • $source: ... (dc:source)
  • $language: ... (dc:language)
  • $relation: ... (dc:relation)
  • $coverage: ... (dc: coverage)
  • $rights: ... (dc: rights)

Rendering the image namespace

An image:item is converted into an <img> tag using the following mappings:

  • src: image url (rdf:about attribute of the image.item tag)
  • alt: image title (title)
  • width: image width (image:width)
  • height: image height image:height)

Rendering the content namespace

The variable $content is refering to the <content:encoding> content </content:encoding>.


Slashdot News


  header="*[[$link][$title]]:* $description" 
  format="$t* [[$link][$title]]"
to get the latest Slashdot news as a bullet list format:

Business Opportunities Weblog


%HEADLINES{"http://www.business-opportunities.biz/feed" limit="3"}%

to get the latest postings on the "Business Opportunities" weblog:

Wed, 12 May 2021 20:52:42 +0000
The original blog about business opportunities and business ideas for small business entrepreneurs
Wed, 12 May 2021 20:52:41 +0000 Carrol Strain

If you’re looking for ways to improve your business, then an MBA can help you with that. An MBA degree is a great tool to increase your profit because of the knowledge and skills you can gain. You may even be surprised to see six-digit earnings or higher when you apply what you’ve learned. Although studying for an MBA will cost you, the benefits you will gain from it are significant.

An MBA program isn’t only beneficial in terms of earnings. Regardless of your business venture, having a good understanding of the essential trends and strategies in doing a business could help you expand your own business. Alternatively, you could become an effective consultant for various companies.


What Is an MBA Degree?

Before you decide to study for an MBA degree, you must understand what it really is and how it can help you improve your business. You should also understand how it can be helpful for your personal growth and career development.

An MBA degree covers a wide range of business-related topics. These include economics, statistics, accounting, management, entrepreneurship, and communications. However, these programs don’t just condition you to become familiar with financial institutions. An MBA program also equips you with the right competencies so that you can take on huge business opportunities and tasks, improving your future prospects as well.

The Difference Between Full-Time and Part-Time Programs

If you have decided to take an MBA course to improve your business, it’s time to pick which learning mode fits you. You have two options. You can either apply for a full-time program or opt for part-time online MBA programs. Both of these programs pretty much garner the same results. Nonetheless, you must be mindful of their arrangement and determine which MBA program is most suitable to help you improve your business. Moreover, it must align with your personal goals and schedule.

If you decide to go full time, you may find it challenging to make time for work. That’s because full-time programs are best for younger students. Generally speaking, these are students who have earned an undergraduate degree and want to enroll full-time in a university to work toward an MBA.

Part-time online MBA programs, on the other hand, are more flexible. Unlike the former, you have more control over your time, since you can study at your own pace. Furthermore, part-time MBA programs also offer lectures during the weekends to cater to working students. So, if you’re currently running a business full-time, or if you're currently employed in a company and are looking to enhance your role or improve you business management skills, then this type of MBA program is perfect for you.

Part-time MBA programs also offer another category-the executive MBA. This type of MBA program is most suitable for you if you’re looking to improve your business career by taking on an executive or managerial role. However, the downside is that executive MBA programs are quite expensive. Most students under these programs are usually sponsored by their employers to take the course.

How an MBA Degree Will Improve Your Business

Whatever type of MBA program you choose, the skills and knowledge you gain are basically the same and all of these can help to improve and expand your business. Here are some more benefits of an MBA degree:

1. An MBA Improves Your Business by Boosting Your Professional Network

When you enroll in an MBA program, you’ll most likely be exposed to students who also want to improve their business prospects. Thus, you can boost your networking opportunities, because you’ll be meeting other professionals in your field. You gain valuable connections by getting to know people who can help you improve your understanding of your industry.

With this in mind, here’s a list of the kinds of people you should try to add to your network:

  • Alumni: Even after you finish your MBA program, you can still find help from other alumni when looking for new ways to improve your business. Thus, you can ask them for help or even make them your clients.
  • Professionals: Since your MBA classmates come from various professions or business industries, communicate with them about how they intend to use their new education to improve their businesses. Also, use this time to learn more about their industries. Doing so may give you insights you can apply even if you are doing business in a different industry.
  • Instructors: Your instructors are experts in their respective fields. They are there to challenge you to reach for your potential and become a good leader and a better entrepreneur. There are times when your instructors will push you out of your comfort zone. They will test your flexibility by exposing you to challenging circumstances. But you shouldn’t be discouraged. Remember that your instructors are your mentors, and their only goal is to help you succeed in your dream of earning an MBA to improve your business.
  • Students: Whether you decide to take a full-time or part-time MBA program, you’ll be surrounded by people with similar goals. Many of your fellow students have the same background as you. Therefore, you can develop your knowledge by having relevant discussions and collaborations with your classmates.

2. It Will Improve Your Self-Confidence as Well as Your Business

A good foundation for implementing sound policies and business strategies will give you confidence to pursue more complex ideas. You will feel better able to take riskier opportunities. Instead of constantly doubting whether a particular policy or strategy will give positive results, you will be able to assess the risks and probabilities of success. You’ll even be able draw out a backup plan to cushion any perceived weaknesses.

Unlike doing business without the right foundation of analytic skills and knowledge, you may have to rely on luck to make your strategy or policy effective. But when you have earned an MBA degree, you will also have gained an extra boost of confidence to implement the rules and techniques you have learned.

3. An MBA Will Sharpen Your Leadership and Analytical Skills

As mentioned, the primary benefits of an MBA program are the knowledge and skills you gather that would be applicable in business and various careers. Some of these are flexibility and sound business decision-making.

You’ll garner enhanced creative thinking, leadership skills, analysis, cross-cultural business customs, communication skills, and more. With this set of skills, you’ll have the edge of becoming a better manager, analyst, or consultant.

Moreover, with an MBA program, you can immediately actualize theories. You will also learn to address various workplace concerns while seeing them from different perspectives. This is because you will have gained organizational, sociological, and economic theories that affect decision-making and change your behavior in the workplace.



An MBA degree is not only for people seeking career growth, but it's also those who want to gain knowledge for business expansion and improving personal development as well. You no longer have to experiment on what to do with your business. This is because you will already know which strategies and potentials you should utilize. As such, you can run your business more cost-efficiently and even better manage your employees.

The post 3 Ways an MBA Will Improve Your Business appeared first on Business Opportunities.

Wed, 12 May 2021 16:44:02 +0000 Carrol Strain
Featured image by Anastasia Gepp from Pixabay 

Do you enjoy writing? Even better, do you have any training as a teacher or a teacher's aide? Then you could help students online and earn money from home. Here's how.


Lots of students hate doing homework in high school and college. Homework takes up a lot of time in their lives. They feel like they're missing out having fun or not getting enough rest due to the pressures of having to do homework every day.

Homework is stressful for both students and parents. In fact, some students become depressed due to the huge pressure of homework. In some cases, the pressure of study and the threat of failure have even made some students feel suicidal.

However, these days students have changed the way they do their assignments. For example, many students turn to online resources to get help with their homework. They pay a fee and in return they get homework assistance from various websites.

This has helped them to free up their time. Students can now use their free time to do things they love to do. Online assistance is also helping students get better grades. These homework websites are the best-kept secrets of modern students.

How to Help Students by Being an Online Homework Assistant

Becoming an online tutor is easy, and the market for online tutors is expanding rapidly. The first question that may come to your mind is probably an ethical one. Is it legal to do someone's homework? The answer is that it is not illegal. Moreover, as long as you are simply an online tutor who is helping students, you will be acting ethically as well. In other words, your job will be to coach them with doing their own homework, so that they learn what they need to learn.

To become an online tutor for students, follow the steps below.


Know Your Niche

There are different types of online tutoring jobs available, so first have to decide what your niche is. It is better to choose a subject area in which you have strong skills. It could be English, mathematics, coding, or any other subject area. Then you need to need to assess yourself.

Are you a subject matter expert, a professional teacher, or a student yourself who can spare some time to help other students online? Whatever your skill level, you could be earning some money. Decide what your focus will be depending on your knowledge and experience as well as the time you can give.

You also need to decide what role you can play in students' academic lives. For example, do you want to help students write essays by working with them online? Or would you rather proofread? Alternatively, you might want to explain concepts in a particular subject area.

Select the Online Platform

Once you have a good idea of what you want to do, register yourself with one of the online platforms that offers students homework help. Each platform has its own specific business model. Select the one that best aligns with your goals.

Attract Students You Can Help Online

Most websites have multiple tutors. Students post their requirements on the website and request online price quotes. Teachers then bid to help them. Students then select the online tutors who meet their requirements and budget.

As a new tutor, it can be difficult to attract offers. This is because most students know to check the online reviews about tutors and select those with the best ratings. As a new teacher, therefore, your bids should be lower. However, once you start getting assignments make sure to collect as many good reviews and ratings as you can.

For this reason, never underestimate the value of the review section of your website profile. Here is where students who have previously used your services can provide honest online reviews.

Homework websites usually have an overall review section where they shine a spotlight on their best teachers and tutors. There are websites with individual ratings as well. These authentic reviews are placed there by students who have used the website's services. Generally speaking, other students trust these online reviews as they understand they are honest and unbiased.

To see examples, check online HomeworkMarket reviews. Good reviews are key for any tutor who wants to help students online. A good review will help you attract assignments. More good reviews will allow you to increase your rates as you gain experience. Tutors' rates usually start at $5 per assignment. However, a tutor with lots of good reviews can easily earn $20-$30 per assignment.

Register to at the Online Site of Your Choice

The registration process is simple. First, fill in your credentials. You'll need to give your name, age, email address, educational qualifications, a short bio, and profile photo. Some websites ask for educational certificates and proof of identity as well. Before your profile is made public the website usually does a verification.

Helping students with their homework has become a lucrative option for earning money online. You can join these websites as a tutor and earn money from home. As parents become busier and have less time to help their children with homework, you can help fill the gap. If you have the skills to do so, start helping students lower their stress by helping them with their homework online.


The post How to Use Your Writing Skills to Help Students Online appeared first on Business Opportunities.

Wed, 12 May 2021 12:12:26 +0000 Carrol Strain
Featured image by Tingey Injury Law Firm on Unsplash

In order to understand the development of law firm SEO, it’s best to start at the beginning. What is SEO? How does it work? How has it changed over time? And how does law firm SEO differ from SEO for other verticals? In this post we dive in for a deeper look.


What Is SEO?

These days, SEO for law firms, as well as SEO for companies in other industries, revolves around content. However, in the past it was geared toward the technical side of things. When Google first launched, for example, they ranked pages based on keyword frequency. Moreover, they had few restrictions.

Before long, black hat SEO companies began to take advantage of the situation. Accordingly, these nefarious entities began to build website pages solely for the purpose of manipulating Google rankings. Their sites were of little use to any legitimate businesses. One of the techniques they favored-and often still try to practice today-is called keyword stuffing.

What Is Keyword Stuffing?

Keyword stuffing refers to the overuse of keywords for the express purpose of manipulating a site’s Google rankings. It’s easy for human beings to spot a site that does this, as the text is unnatural and not like human speech at all. Today, Google bots can spot it, too.

How Is Law Firm SEO Different?

To stay on pace with the developments in law firm SEO, it is important to understand the technology's underpinnings. This is because knowing about digital marketing trends can help experts predict upcoming changes for marketing in every vertical.

Many of the changes with SEO, for law firms and for companies in other industries, are tied to the ever-expanding sophistication of Google bots and the engineers who design them. For example, as scientists study how machines learn, marketers obtain deeper understanding of SEO. As designers creatively modernize web design, web masters gain greater skill. And as marketers learn more about how people use the internet, they improve their competency with using Big Data.


Moreover, advances in machine learning mean that Google bots now look for more than specific keywords. Specifically, they now search for keywords that are related to the core word. This is a new development that engineers are still researching.

Some may believe the changing landscape can make it difficult to track SEO and other digital marketing indicators for their law firms. However, the truth is that lawyers now have more ability than ever to get involved with their marketing efforts.

What Is the State of Law Firm SEO Today?

While some keyword stuffers are still out there, they are hanging by a thread. This is because Google intends to stay relevant as a business. To this end, they have updated their keyword searching software multiple times. These updates make Google more and more sophisticated each time. Today, Google stays well ahead of the black hat practitioners, and their engineers make a sport of playing whack-a-mole with shady operators the web.

Today's Google search algorithms will quickly mark down websites evil-doers create. They're easy to identify, as they are obviously made for the sole purpose of creating backlinks with little regard for user experience. At their worst, they sabotage legitimate websites.

For law firm SEO, this means attorneys can confidently invest in quality content for their websites. Moreover, this is precisely the best approach to SEO any law firm can take.


The post How Did Law Firm SEO Develop? appeared first on Business Opportunities.

Plugin Settings

Plugin settings are stored as preferences variables. To reference a plugin setting write %<plugin>_<setting>%, for example, %HEADLINESPLUGIN_SHORTDESCRIPTION%. Note: Don't modify the settings here; copy and customize the settings in Main.TWikiPreferences. For example, to customize the USERAGENTNAME setting, create a HEADLINESPLUGIN_USERAGENTNAME setting in Main.TWikiPreferences.

  • One line description, shown in the TextFormattingRules topic:
    • Set SHORTDESCRIPTION = Show headline news in TWiki pages based on RSS and ATOM news feeds from external sites

  • Refresh rate in minutes for cached feeds. Disable caching: 0, default: 60
    • Set REFRESH = 60

  • Maximum number of items shown. Default: 100
    • Set LIMIT = 100

  • Use LWP::UserAgent, or fallback to TWiki's internal getUrl() method. Default: yes

  • Timeout fetching a feed using the LWP::UserAgent. Default: 20

  • Name of user agent. Default: TWikiHeadlinesPlugin/2.21
      * Set USERAGENTNAME = TWikiHeadlinesPlugin/2.21

  • Default header: (variables are explained in the syntax rules)
      * Set HEADER = <div class="headlinesChannel"><div class="headlinesLogo"><img src="$imageurl" alt="$imagetitle" border="0" />%BR%</div><div class="headlinesTitle">$n---+!! <a href="$link">$title</a></div><div class="headlinesDate">$date</div><div class="headlinesDescription">$description</div><div class="headlinesRight">$rights</div></div>

  • Default format of one item: (variables are explained in the syntax rules)
      * Set FORMAT = <div class="headlinesArticle"><div class="headlinesTitle"><a href="$link">$title</a></div>$n<span class="headlinesDate">$date</span> <span class="headlinesCreator"> $creator</span> <span class="headlinesSubject"> $subject </span>$n<div class="headlinesText"> $description</div></div>

  • Values taken from configure: (only supported if CPAN:LWP is installed)
    • $TWiki::cfg{PROXY}{HOST} - proxy host, such as "proxy.example.com";
    • $TWiki::cfg{PROXY}{PORT} - proxy port, such as "8080";
    • $TWiki::cfg{PROXY}{SkipProxyForDomains} - domains excluded from proxy, such as "intra.example.com, bugs.example.com";

Style sheets

The default HEADER and FORMAT settings use the following styles. See the style.css file defining the default CSS properties (indentation illustrates enclosure).

  • headlinesRss: output of the HeadlinesPlugin (div)
    • headlinesChannel: channel header (div)
      • headlinesLogo: channel logo (div)
      • headlinesTitle: channel title (div)
      • headlinesDate: channel date (div)
      • headlinesDescription: channel description (div)
      • headlinesRight: channel copyright (div)
    • headlinesArticle: one news item (div)
      • headlinesTitle: article title (div)
      • headlinesDate: article date (span)
      • headlinesCreator: author of article (span)
      • headlinesSubject: subect category of the article (span)
      • headlinesText: article text (div)

Plugin Installation Instructions

  • Download the ZIP file
  • Unzip it in your twiki installation directory. Content:
    File: Description:
    data/TWiki/HeadlinesPlugin.txt plugin topic
    pub/TWiki/HeadlinesPlugin/style.css default css
    lib/TWiki/HeadlinesPlugin.pm plugin perl module
    lib/TWiki/HeadlinesPlugin/Core.pm plugin core
    Check if above examples show a news feed instead of variable.
  • Optionally, run HeadlinesPlugin_installer.pl to automatically check and install other TWiki modules that this module depends on. You can also do this step manually.
  • Alternatively, manually make sure the dependencies listed in the table below are resolved.
    Digest::MD5>=2.33Required. Download from CPAN:Digest::MD5
    LWP::UserAgent>=5.803Optional. Download from CPAN:LWP::UserAgent

Plugin Info

Plugin Author: TWiki:Main.PeterThoeny, TWiki:Main.MichaelDaum
Copyright: © 2002-2009, Peter Thoeny, TWIKI.NET; 2005-2007, Michael Daum http://wikiring.de
License: GPL (GNU General Public License)
Plugin Version: v2.21 - 12 Feb 2009
Change History:  
12 Feb 2009: {PROXY}{HOST} supports domain with and without protocol -- Peter Thoeny
06 Feb 2009: added {PROXY}{SkipProxyForDomains} configure setting, added USERAGENTNAME plugin setting -- Peter Thoeny
11 Dec 2008: added {PROXY}{HOST} and {PROXY}{PORT} configure settings -- Peter Thoeny
13 Sep 2007: fixed parsing of content:encoded
23 Jul 2006: improved atom parser; if a posting has no title default to 'Untitled'
26 Apr 2006: added lazy compilation
10 Feb 2006: packaged using the TWiki:Plugins/BuildContrib; minor fixes
03 Feb 2006: off-by-one: limit="n" returned n+1 articles; make FORMAT and HEADER format strings more robust
23 Jan 2006: released v2.00
05 Dec 2005: internal feed urls must be absolute
02 Dec 2005: added web.topic shorthand for internal feeds
29 Nov 2005: fixed CDATA handling
21 Nov 2005: added ATOM support; extended RSS support; added dublin core support; added content support; optionally using LWP to fetch feeds to follow redirections; corrected CPAN dependencies ; recoding special chars from html integer to entity encoding to increase browser compatibility; added css support; use getWorkArea() if available
11 May 2005: TWiki:Main.WillNorris: added DevelopBranch compatability
31 Oct 2004: Fixed taint issue by TWiki:Main.AdrianWeiler; small performance improvement
29 Oct 2004: Fixed issue of external caching if mod_perl or SpeedyCGI is used
02 Aug 2002: Implemented caching of feeds, thanks to TWiki:Main/RobDuarte
11 Jun 2002: Initial version (V1.000)
Perl Version: 5.8
TWiki:Plugins/Benchmark: GoodStyle 100%, FormattedSearch 99.5%, HeadlinesPlugin 94%
Plugin Home: TWiki:Plugins/HeadlinesPlugin
Feedback: TWiki:Plugins/HeadlinesPluginDev
Appraisal: TWiki:Plugins/HeadlinesPluginAppraisal

-- TWiki:Main.PeterThoeny - 12 Jan 2009
-- TWiki:Main.MichaelDaum - 13 Sep 2007

Topic revision: r1 - 13 Feb 2009 - 03:55:45 - TWikiContributor
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