Covington (1990)

Michael A. Covington (1990). "Parsing discontinuous constituents in dependency grammar". CL 16(4).

Collins (1996)

Michael John Collins (1996). "A new statistical parser based on bigram lexical dependencies". Proceedings of ACL'96.

Lombardo and Lesmo (1996)

Vincenzo Lombardo and Leonardo Lesmo (1996). "An Earley-type recognizer for dependency grammar". Proceedings of Coling'96.

Definition of a dependency grammar:

A quintuple (S,C,W,L,T) where:

  • W is a vocabulary of terminals
  • C is a vocabulary of non-terminals
  • S is a distinguished member of C
  • L is a lexicon, i.e. a set of pairs c:w where c is in C and w is in W
  • T is a set of dependency rules.
A dependency rule has the format c(d1...dn,e1...en) where d, di, ei are all in C.

An example dependency grammar has the following lexicon:

  • noun: I, man, park, telescope
  • verb: saw
  • adj: old
  • det: a, the
  • prep: in, with
And the following rules (including Kleene stars for convenience):
  • verb(noun,prep*)
  • verb(noun,noun prep*)
  • noun(adj*,prep*)
  • noun(det adj*,prep*)
  • prep(,noun)
  • adj(,)
  • det(,)

Note: it appears that the lexicon and rules can be fused as follows:

  • saw:verb(noun,prep*)
  • saw:verb(noun,noun prep*)
  • I,man,park,telescope:noun(adj*,prep*)
  • I,man,park,telescope:noun(det adj*,prep*)
  • in,with:prep(,noun)
  • old:adj(,)
  • a,the:det(,)
This is basically a categorial grammar, or a TAG. Dependency trees are formed by combining the elementary/lexical trees:
saw:verb(I:noun(,),man:noun(the:det(,),with:prep(telescope:noun(the:det(,),))))

Gomez-Rodriguez, Carroll and Weir (2008)

Carlos Gomez-Rodriguez, John Carroll and David Weir (2008). "A deductive approach to dependency parsing". Proceedings of ACL-HLT'08.

-- MarkMcConville - 25 Aug 2008

Topic revision: r1 - 25 Aug 2008 - 14:17:18 - MarkMcConville
 
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